5.2: Grammar - The Articles tthu and kwthu

key4 (4K)
pencil-vb (1K)
box-b (2K)
  • A- Ni' 'untsu kwthu lukli?
Where is the key?
  • B- 'E'ut tthu lukli.
Here is the key.
  • A- Tth'ihwum ch 'i' m'i* 'amustham'sh.
Please come and give it to me.
  • B- Ni' 'untsu kwthu xul'tun?
Where is the pencil?
  • C- 'E'ut tthu xul'tun.
Here is the pencil.
  • B- Tth'ihwum ch 'i' 'amust thu Lisa.
Please give it to Lisa.
  • A- Ni' 'untsu kwthu xthum?
Where is the box (or drum)?
  • B- 'E'ut 'i 'u tu'i tthu xthum.
Here is the box.
  • C- Tth'ihwum ch 'i' 'amust tthu John.
Please give it to John.

Use the article tthu to refer to something that is in view.

'E'ut tthu lukli. "Here is the key (visible)."
'E'ut tthu xul'tun. "Here is the pen (visible)."

Use the article kwthu to refer to something that is not in view.

Ni' 'untsu kwthu lukli? "Where is the key (out of sight)?"
Ni' 'untsu kwthu xul'tun? "Where is the pen (out of sight)?"

Note: Some speakers use the feminine articles to refer to personal belongings of a female, for example thu s'itth'um "the dress", lhu poukws "her book", or thun' poukw "your book" (addressing a woman). These articles are introduced in Lesson 6.
Some speakers use the feminine articles with telu, "money": thu telu, lhu telu.
*Note: The Cowichan Tribes write mi. However, we will spell this word m'i throughout these lessons.