Are there limits to instrumental knowledge? Perhaps some things are better left alone. Moreover, the line dividing natural science and the occult — nature and the preternatural — was not firmly drawn in the period. What, we are finally compelled to ask, is the nature of natural science?

  1. Chaucer, The Franklin’s Tale and Canon’s Yeoman’s Tale
  2. Gower, Confessio Amantis (Mundus and Paulina, Book I; Grossetesste and Head of Brass, Book 4, 234-43)
  3. Verses Upon the Elixir, pp. 215-23 in Timmermann, Verse and Transmutation (ebook available through library)
  4. Browse English Mediaeval Lapidaries (on reserve)
  5. Browse Albert the Great, Book of Minerals (on reserve)
  6. Browse Albert the Great, The Book of Secrets, of the versus of herbs, stones, and certain beasts (on reserve)
  7. Ingold, “Rethinking the Animate” in Being Alive


Miniature of a red king (sulphur) and white queen (mercury), BL, MS Sloane 2560 f. 6 

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