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Period Events Literary Sources for Myth Neolithic Possible worship of fertility (6000-3000 BC) mother-goddesses Minoan "Minoan" culture on Crete, with (3000-1500 BC) large population and rich palace-centres. Non-Greek speakers. Middle Bronze Large-scale invasions of Age (2000-1700 Greek-speaking patriarchal peoples (Linear A - still BC) into mainland Greece. undeciphered) Late Bronze Age Development (under Minoan (Linear B script (Mycenaean) influence), peak and decline (after used for palace (1700-1100 BC) 1250 BC) of "Mycenaean" culture in records) mainland Greece. "Dark Age" Break-up of Mycenaean civilization; (transition to Greek settlements throughout the Iron Age) Aegean Islands and the coast of Asia (1100-850 BC) Minor. Homer - Iliad, Redevelopment of overseas trade. 750? Alphabetic script adapted from Odyssey, 725-700? Geometric and Phoenician in Greece, ca 750. Hesiod - Theogony, Archaic Period Emergence of the classical Greek Works & Days, ca (850-480 BC) city-states, governed by family 680? groups or dictators (mainly 7th-6th Homeric Hymns, century),or democracies (begun by lost Cyclic Epics. Athens, 5th century) Bacchylides, 5th - 6th century? Pindar of Thebes, 518-428; Greek city-states flourish until Aeschylus, overshadowed by the powerful 525-456, High Classical Macedonian kings. Philip of Macedon Sophocles, Period (480-323 rules Greece; his son Alexander 495-405; BC) campaigns as far east as India, Euripides, 480-406 conquering Persia and Egypt, before Herodotus, ca dying in 323 BC 484-425 Plato, 428-347 Demosthenes, 384-322 Alexander's empire fragments into Greek monarchies in Macedonia, Syria and Egypt. Hellenistic Roman overseas expansion begins in Period (323-146 208 BC; Apollonius of BC); Hellenization of Roman myth & Rhodes, Roman Republic religion. Callimachus, (to 44 BC) Greece becomes a Roman province. 3rd-2nd century BC The Roman Republic ends with a seizure of power by Julius Caesar (assassinated 44 BC) Vergil, 70-19 BC Roman Empire (31 Livy, 59 BC - ?? BC on) Augustus, 31 BC - to 14 AD AD Ovid, 43 BC 18 AD Diodorus Siculus (1st century BC), Apollodorus, 1st Julio-Claudian emperors & successors century AD Plutarch, ca 45 AD -ca 125 AD Pausanias, 115 AD - 180 AD 312 AD - Conversion of Constantine to Christianity.
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