CHEMISTRY 101 FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY I
(Properties of Materials)
The aim of this introductory chemistry course is to give you an appreciation
and basic understanding of everyday functional materials (whether synthetic
or natural). It is the shapes of molecules and the way they are assembled
that give rise to the physical and chemical properties that lead to materials
with specific functions. An understanding of atomic and basic molecular
structures, and of the forces that hold molecules and atoms together,
is essential for predicting the behaviour of materials. A solid grounding
in these structural aspects of chemistry is the goal of Chemistry 101.
Combined with Chemistry 102, this gives students an overview of Chemical
Science and provides an introduction for further courses in chemistry.
(The numbers and headings here refer to the Chapters as they appear in
our new Chem 101 Custom textbook.)
0. INTRODUCTION (1-2 h). Course goals; Information on Chem 091; chemistry
courses at UVic; majors/honours programs; chemistry co-op; MasteringChemistry;
introduction to materials.
1. ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF ATOMS (6-7 h). Light and electromagnetic radiation;
Wave-particle duality; quantization; Bohr model; atomic spectra; Uncertainty
Principle; quantum mechanics; wave functions; quantum numbers; atomic
orbitals; electron configurations; many-electron atoms; electron spin;
Pauli Exclusion Principle; Hund’s Rule; introduction to transition
metals; Periodic Table.
2. PERIODIC PROPERTIES (3-4 h). Historical development of the periodic
table; nuclear charge; sizes of atoms and ions; ionization energy; electron
3. IONIC AND COVALENT BONDING (5 h). Lewis structures; octet rule; formal
charges; ionic and covalent bonding; bond polarity and electronegativity;
resonance structures; strengths of covalent bonds; bond lengths.
4. MOLECULAR GEOMETRY AND BONDING, METALLIC BONDING (6-7 h). Shapes of
molecules; VSEPR model; molecular polarity; hybrid orbitals; multiple
bonds; delocalized p bonding; molecular orbitals of hydrogen, bond order;
5. INTERMOLECULAR FORCES (3 h). Liquids; ion-dipole and dipole dipole
forces; London dispersion forces; hydrogen bonding; liquid crystals; ionic
6. INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (5 h). Organic structures; physical
properties; hydrocarbons; alkanes and cycloalkanes; isomerism; nomenclature;
alkenes; alkynes; addition reactions; aromatic hydrocarbons; alcohols
and ethers; aldehydes and ketones; carboxylic acid and derivatives; chirality.
7. MODERN MATERIALS (4 h). Polymers, semiconductors; liquid crystals,
© Department of Chemistry, University
of Victoria. Updated 28 August 2012.