Recent Publications

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Rajapaksa, D., Gifford, R., Torgler, B., Garcia-Valiñas, M. A., Athukorala, W., Managi, S., Wilson, C. (2019). Do monetary and non-monetary incentives influence environmental attitudes and behavior? Evidence from an experimental analysis. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 149, 168-176.   PDF icon 2019 rajapaska et al. Brisbane water.pdf
Lacroix, K., Gifford, R., & Chen, A. (2019). Developing and validating the Dragons of Inaction Psychological Barriers (DIPB) scale. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 63, 9-18. PDF icon 2019 DIPB scale.pdf
Lacroix, K., & Gifford, R. (2019). Reducing meat consumption: Identifying group-specific inhibitors using latent profile analysis. Appetite, 138, 233-241. PDF icon 2019 Karine Appetite.pdf
Tomaselli, M.F., Sheppard, S.R.J., Kozak, R., Gifford, R. (2019). What do Canadians think about economic growth, prosperity and the environment? Ecological Economics, 161, 41-49.   PDF icon 2019 Fernanda Economic Growth.pdf
McCunn, L., & Gifford, R. (2018). Spatial navigation and place imageability in sense of place. Cities, 74, 208-218. PDF icon McCunn 2018.pdf
Khanal, U., Wilson C., Managi S., Lee, B., Hoang, V., & Gifford R. (2018). Psychological influence on survey incentives: Valuing climate change adaptation benefits in agriculture. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 20, 305-324. PDF icon Khanal 2018.pdf
Bowes, M., Keller, P., Rollins, R., & Gifford, R. (2018). Habits, beaches, dogs, and leashes: Noncompliance. Parks, 24, 119-130. PDF icon PARKS 24.1 Bowes Final Proof_.pdf
Ratnasiri, S., Wilson, C., Athukorala, W., Garcia-Valiñas, M. A., Torgler, B., & Gifford, R. (2018). Effectiveness of two pricing structures on urban water use and conservation: A quasi-experimental investigation. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 20, 547-560. PDF icon Ratnasiri 2018.pdf
Landry, N., Gifford, R., Milfont, T. L., Weeks, A., & Arnocky, S. (2018). Learned helplessness moderates the relationship between environmental concern and behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 55, 18-22. PDF icon Landry 2018.pdf
Gifford, R., Lacroix, K., & Chen, A. (2018). Understanding responses to climate change: Psychological barriers to mitigation and a new theory of behavioural choice (p. 161-184). In Clayton, S. & Manning, C. (Eds.). Psychology and climate change: Human perceptions, impacts, and responses. New York: Academic. PDF icon Gifford Lacroix and Chen (book chapter proof).pdf
Sussman, R, & Gifford, R. (in press). Causality in the theory of planned behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.   PDF icon 2019 Reuven causality.pdf
Gifford, R. (2017). Applying social psychology to the environment. In J. A. Gruman (Ed.), Applied social psychology: Understanding and addressing social and practical problems (3rd ed.),  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bowes, M., Keller, P., Rollins, R., & Gifford, R. (2017). The effect of ambivalence on on-leash dog walking compliance behavior in parks and protected areas. Journal of Parks and Recreation Administration, 35, 81-93. PDF icon JRPA Bowes pdf.pdf
Lacroix, K., & Gifford, R. (2017). Psychological barriers to energy conservation behavior: The role of worldviews and climate change risk perception. Environment and Behavior, 50, 749-780. doi/10.1177/0013916517715296 PDF icon Lacroix.pdf
Jayarathna, L., Rajapaksa, D., Managi, S., Athukorala, W., Torgler, B., Garcia-Valiñas, M. A., . . . Wilson, C. (2017). A GIS based spatial decision support system for analysing residential water demand: A case study in Australia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 32, 67-77. doi:10.1016/j.scs.2017.03.012 PDF icon Jayarathna.pdf
Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2017). The experienced psychological benefits of place attachment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 51, 256-269. PDF icon Scannell & Gifford 2017.pdf
Milfont, T. L., Bain, P. G., Kashima, Y., Corral-Verdugo, V., Pasquali, C., Johansson, L.-O., … Einarsdóttir, G. (2018). On the Relation Between Social Dominance Orientation and Environmentalism: A 25-Nation Study. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 9(7), 802–814. PDF icon 2018 Milfont social dominance.pdf
Gifford, R. (Ed.) (2016). Research methods for environmental psychology. New York: Wiley.
Gifford, R. D. & Chen, K. S. (2016). Why aren’t we taking action? Psychological barriers to climate-positive food choices. Climatic Change. PDF icon Gifford & Chen 2016.pdf
Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2016). Place attachment enhances psychological need satisfaction. Environment and Behavior, 0013916516637648. PDF icon Scannell & Gifford 2016.pdf
Gifford, E., & Gifford, R. (2016). The largely unacknowledged impact of climate change on mental health. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 1-6. PDF icon Gifford & Gifford 2016.pdf
Sussman, R., Lavallee, L. & Gifford, R. (2016). Pro-environmental values matter in competitive but not cooperative commons dilemmas. Journal of Social Psychology, DOI: 0.1080/00224545.2015.1052362 PDF icon Sussman, Lavallee & Gifford, 2016.pdf
Zeisel, J., Gifford, R., Martin, M., & McCunn, L. J. (2016). Research and design for special populations In R. Gifford (Ed.), Research Methods for Environmental Psychology, (pp. 345-367). New York: Wiley. PDF icon 2016 Research Methods Special Populations Chapter 18.pdf
Gifford, R., & Chen, A. (2016). Why aren’t we taking action? Psychological barriers to climate-positive food choices. Climatic Change, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-016-1830-y  PDF icon 2017 Angel food SSHRC.pdf
Gifford, R. (2016). Environmental psychology and its methods. In Gifford, R. (Ed.), Research methods for environmental psychology (pp. 1-8). New York: Wiley. PDF icon 2016 Research Methods book Introduction.pdf
McCunn, L. J. (2016). Choosing between modern and heritage buildings for professional services. International Journal of the Built Environment and Asset Management, 2, 80-98. PDF icon 2016 Lindsay Facades Choosing Between IJBEAM.pdf
Bowes, M., Keller, P., Rollins, R., & Gifford, R. (2015). Parks, dogs, and beaches: Human-wildlife conflict and the politics of place. In Carr, N. (Ed.). Domestic animals and leisure (p. 146-171). London, UK: Palgrave MacMillan. PDF icon 2015 Parks Dogs and Beaches- Human Wildlife Conflict and the Politics of Place (Bowes et al.).pdf
McCunn, L. J., & Gifford, R. (2015). Teachers’ reactions to learning commons in secondary schools. Journal of Library Administration, 55, 435-458. PDF icon McCunn & Gifford 2015.pdf
Kormos, C., Gifford, R., & Brown, E. (2015). The influence of descriptive social norm information on sustainable transportation behavior: A field experiment. Environment & Behavior, 47, 479-501. doi: 10.1177/0013916513520416 PDF icon Kormos, Gifford & Brown 2015.pdf
Scannell, L., Hodgson, M., Villarreal, J. C. M., & Gifford, R. (2015). The role of acoustics in the perceived suitability of, and well-being in, informal learning spaces. Environment and Behavior, 47, 769-795. PDF icon Scannell, Hodgson, Villarreal & Gifford 2015.pdf
Kormos, C., Gifford, R., Marley, A. A. J., Islam, T., & Crawford, C. (2014). The influence of psychological variables and incentives on preference for plug-in electric vehicles. Report submitted to the B.C. Ministry of Energy and Mines.
McCunn, L. J., & Gifford, R. (2014). Accessibility and aging in place in subsidized housing. Seniors Housing & Care Journal, 22, 18-29. PDF icon McCunn & Gifford 2014.pdf
McCunn, L. J., & Gifford, R. (2014). Interrelations between sense of place, organizational commitment, and green neighborhoods. Cities, 41, 20-29. PDF icon McCunn & Gifford 2014
Gifford, R., & Nilsson, A. (2014). Personal and social factors in environmental concern and behavior. International Journal of Psychology, 49, 141-157. PDF icon Gifford & Nilsson 2014.pdf
Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2014). Comparing the theories of interpersonal and place attachment. In L. Manzo & P. Devine-Wright (Eds.). Place attachment: Advances in theory, methods and research (pp. 23-36). New York: Routledge. PDF icon Scannell & Gifford 2014.pdf
Gifford, R. (2014). Environmental psychology matters. Annual Review of Psychology, 65, 541-580. PDF icon Gifford 2014.pdf
Sussman, R. & Gifford, R. (2014). The psychology of climate change. In R. Gifford (Ed.). Environmental Psychology: Principles and Practices, Colville, WA: Optimal Books.
Gifford, R. (2014). Environmental psychology: principles and practice (5th ed.) Colville, WA: Optimal Books.
Kormos, C., & Gifford, R. (2014). The validity of self-report measures of proenvironmental behavior: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 40, 359-371. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2014.09.003 PDF icon Kormos & Gifford 2014.pdf
Sussman, R., Greeno, M. Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2013). The effectiveness of models and prompts on waste diversion: A field experiment on composting by cafeteria patrons. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 24-34. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00978.x PDF icon Sussman, Greeno, Gifford & Scannell 2013.pdf
McCunn, L. & Gifford, R. (2013). Environmental design in acute care settings: A case study of a neurological rehabilitation unit. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 7, 102-113. PDF icon McCunn & Gifford 2013 .pdf
Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2013). Personally relevant climate change: The role of place attachment and local versus global message framing in engagement. Environment and Behavior, 45, 60-85.  PDF icon Scannel & Gifford 2013.pdf
Gifford, R, & McCunn, L. J. (2013). Appraisals of built environments and approaches to their design that promote well-being and behaviour. In Steg, L., van den Berg, A. E., & de Groot, J. I. M. (Eds.). Environmental psychology: An introduction (pp. 87-95). New York: Wiley-Blackwell. PDF icon Gifford & McCunn 2013.pdf
Garcia-Valinas, M. A., Athukorala, W., Wilson, C., Torgler, B. & Gifford, R. (2013). Nondiscretionary residential water use: The impact of habits and water efficient technologies. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 57, 1-22. PDF icon Garcia-Valinas, Athukorala, Wilson, Torgler & Gifford 2013.pdf
Sussman, R, & Gifford, R. (2013). Be the change you want to see: Modeling food composting in public places. Environment and Behavior, 45, 323-343. PDF icon Sussman & Gifford 2013.pdf
Gosling, S., Gifford, R, & McCunn, L. (2013). Psychology and behavior. In L. Weinthal & G. Brooker (Eds.). Handbook of interior architecture and design (pp. 278-290). New York: Bloomsbury. PDF icon Gosling, Gifford & McCunn 2013
Gifford, R. (2013). Dragons, mules, and honeybees: Barriers, carriers, and unwitting enablers of climate change action. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 69 (4), 41-48. PDF icon Gifford 2013.pdf
Gifford, R. (2012). Applying social psychology to the environment. In F. Schneider, J. Gruman, & L. Coutts (Eds.). Applied social psychology: Understanding and addressing social and practical problems (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 351-381. PDF icon Gifford 2012
Gifford, R. & Sussman, R. (2012). Urban psychology: The psychological needs of city dwellers. In F. Zeman (Ed.), Handbook of metropolitan sustainability (pp. 625-647). New York:  Woodhead. PDF icon Gifford & Sussman 2012
Sussman, R., & Gifford, R. (2012). Please turn off the lights: The effectiveness of visual prompts. Applied Ergonomics, 43, 596-603. PDF icon Sussman & Gifford 2012.pdf
McCunn, L. J., & Gifford, R. (2012). Do green offices affect employee engagement and environmental motivation? Architectural Science Review, 55, 128-134. PDF icon McCunn & Gifford 2012
Gifford, R, & Cave, M. (2012). The complementary natures of resource theory and interpersonal evaluation theory. In Törnblom, K. & Kazemi, A. (Eds.). Handbook of social resource theory. New York: Springer, 223-236. PDF icon Gifford & Cave 2011.pdf
Gifford, R., & Sussman, R. (2012). Environmental attitudes. In S. Clayton (Ed.). Handbook of environmental and conservation psychology. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. PDF icon Gifford & Sussman 2012 .pdf
Gifford, R., & McCunn, L. (2012). Behavioral aspects. In A. Carswell (Ed.) The encyclopedia of housing (2nd. Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 35-37. PDF icon Gifford & McCunn 2012
Gifford, R. (2012). Environmental psychology. In encyclopedia of human behavior (2nd ed.), Elsevier, 54-60.
Gifford, R. (2011). Die drachen der Untätigkeit: Warum vir nicht mehr tun (Why do we help the environment less than we would like to? The dragons of inaction). UNESCO Heute(2),36-39.
Gifford, R. (2011). The role of nonverbal communication in interpersonal relations. In L. Horowitz, & S. Strack (Eds.), Handbook of interpersonal psychology: Theory, research, assessment, and therapeutic interventions (pp. 171-190). New York: Wiley. PDF icon Gifford 2011.pdf
Swim, J. K., Stern, P. C., Doherty, T., Clayton, S., Reser, J. P., Weber, E. U., Gifford, R., & Howard, G. S. (2011). Psychology's contributions to understanding and addressing global climate change mitigation and adaptation. American Psychologist, 66, 241-250. PDF icon Swim et al 2011
Gifford, R. (2011). Dragons, mules, and honeybees: Why we do less than we should, and how we can overcome. In Lawrence, J., Cornforth, A., & Barrett, P. (Eds.), Climate futures: Pathways for society. Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Climate Change Research Institute, 66-74. PDF icon Gifford 2011.pdf
Gifford, R., Kormos, C., & McIntyre, A. (2011). Behavioral dimensions of climate change: Drivers, responses, barriers, and interventions. WIREs Climate Change. Doi 10.1002/wcc.143, 801-827. PDF icon Gifford, Kormos & McIntyre 2011.pdf
Gifford, R. (2011). The dragons of inaction: Psychological barriers that limit climate change mitigation and adaptation. American Psychologist, 66, 290-302. PDF icon Gifford 2011.pdf
Gifford, R., Steg, L., & Reser, J. P. (2011). Environmental psychology. In P. Martin, F. Cheung, M. Kyrios, L. Littlefield, M. Knowles, B. Overmier, & J. M. Prieto (Eds.), The IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology. New York: Oxford, 440-470. PDF icon Gifford, Steg & Reser 2011
Gifford, R., & Comeau, L. (2011). Message framing influences perceived climate change competence, engagement, and behavioral intentions. Global Environmental Change, 21, 1301-1307. PDF icon Gifford & Comeau 2011.pdf
Gifford, R. (2011). Social dilemmas. In Encyclopedia of peace psychology. Wiley-Blackwell.
Gifford, R. (2011). Alle meine Ausreden (All my excuses). Kulturaustausch (1), 48-49.
Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2010). The relations between natural and civic place attachment and pro-environmental behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 289-297. PDF icon Scannell & Gifford 2010.pdf
Gifford, R. (2010). Sustainable development: Psychological aspects. International Encyclopedia of Peace. Oxford University Press.
Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2010). Defining place attachment: A tripartite organizing framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 1-10. PDF icon Scannell & Gifford 2010.pdf
Gifford, R. (2009). Environmental psychology: Manifold visions, unity of purpose. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29, 387-389. PDF icon Gifford 2009.pdf
Hine, D. W., Gifford, R., Heath, Y., Cooksey, R., & Quain, P. (2009). A cue utilization approach for investigating harvest decisions in commons dilemmas. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39, 564-588. PDF icon Hine, Gifford, Heath, Cooksey & Quain 2009.pdf
Howes, Y., & Gifford, R. (2009). Stable or dynamic value importance? The interaction between value endorsement level and situational differences on decision-making in environmental issues. Environment and Behavior, 41, 549-582. PDF icon Howes & Gifford 2009
Gifford, R., Scannell, L., Kormos, C., Smolova, L., Biel, A., Boncu, S., Corral, V., Hanyu, K, Hine, D. W., Kaiser, F. G., Korpela, K., Lima, L., Mertig, A. G., Garcia Mira, R., Moser, G., Passafaro, P., Pinheiro, J. Q., Saini, S., Sako, T., Sautkina, E., Savina, Y., Schmuck, P., Schultz, P. W., Sobeck, K., Sundblad, K., & Uzzell, D. (2009). Temporal pessimism and spatial optimism in environmental assessments: An 18-nation study. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29, 1-12. PDF icon Gifford et al 2009
Abrahamse, W., Steg, L., Gifford, R., & Vlek, C. (2009). Factors influencing car use and the intention to reduce it: A question of morality? Transportation Research Part F: Traffic psychology and behaviour, 12, 317-324. PDF icon Abrahamse, Steg, Gifford & Vlek 2009.pdf
Gifford, R. (2009). Environmental psychology. In J. B. Caldicott & R. Frodeman (Eds.), Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy (vol 1., pp. 393-394). Detroit: Gale. PDF icon Gifford 2009.pdf
Gifford, R. (2008). Psychologys Essential Role in Alleviating the Impacts of Climate Change. Canadian Psychology/psychologie canadienne, 49, 273-280. PDF icon Gifford 2008
Gifford, R. (2008). Toward a comprehensive model of social dilemmas. In A. Biel, D. Eek, T. Gärling, & M. Gustafsson (Eds.). New issues and paradigms in research on social dilemmas. Springer. PDF icon Gifford 2008.pdf
Steg, L., & Gifford, R. (2008). Social psychology and environmental problems. In L. Steg, A. P. Buunk, & T. Rothengatter (Eds.), Applied social psychology: Understanding and managing social problems. New York: Cambridge. PDF icon Steg & Gifford 2008.pdf
Steg, L., & Gifford, R. (2008). Sustainable transport and quality of life. In A. Perrels, V. Himanen, & M. Lee-Gosselin (Eds.). Making sustainable transport policy: Obstacles, trends and solutions. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science. PDF icon Steg & Gifford 2008
Hine, D. W., Marks, A. D. G., Nachreinera, M., Gifford, R., & Heath, Y. (2007). Keeping the home fires burning: The affect heuristic and wood smoke pollution. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27, 26-32. PDF icon Hine, Marks, Nachreiner, Gifford & Heath 2007.pdf
Gifford, R., & Steg, L. (2007). The impact of automobile traffic on quality of life. In T. Garling & L. Steg (Eds.), Threats to the quality of urban life from car traffic: Problems, causes, and solutions. Amsterdam: Elsevier. PDF icon Gifford & Steg 2007
Gifford, R. (2007). Environmental psychology: Principles and practice (4th edition). Colville, WA: Optimal Books.
Gifford, R. (2007). Environmental psychology and sustainable development: Expansion, maturation, and challenges. Journal of Social Issues, 63,199-212. PDF icon Gifford 2007.pdf
Gifford, R. (2007). The consequences of living in high-rise buildings. Architectural Science Review, 50(1), 2-17. PDF icon Gifford 2007