HOW DID THE UNIVERSE BEGIN?


Wasn't the universe created with a big bang?

Why bother studying how the universe was created?  Does it make a difference?

There was no big bang.  God created the universe.  In six days.

God didn't create the universe.  There was no big bang.   The universe has always, and will always remain in existence.


“The most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that it is comprehensible.”  - ALBERT EINSTEIN


Questions and Answers

Where did we come from?  How did we come to be? 
For centuries, science and religion have attempted to answer these questions.  Religious groups tended to believe that a divine creator of some sort created the universe in the relatively recent past.   In fact, Bishop Ussher in the 17th century determined the date of the universe creation to be 4004 B.C. by adding up the ages of all the people in the Old Testament.   By coincidence or not, that date corresponds closely to the end of the last ice age, after which modern civilization began to appear.   

There are also people like Aristotle, who believed the universe did not have a beginning, and that a divine figure did not have a hand in the creation of the universe.  Until the beginning of the 20th century, most scientists believed instead that the universe had existed, and will continue to exist forever.  If human civilization had existed for such a long period of time, should mankind not have evolved further in culture and technology?  Aristotle and others argued that periodic natural disasters had repeatedly set the human civilization back to beginning evolutionary stages.

Both ideologies maintained that the universe was static and unchanging.  The universe was either created in the form we see today, or has always existed in the form we see today. 

 

A Change In World (Universe) View

Then, the views on the origin of the universe were forced to change dramatically in 1929, when Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe was expanding.  The observations of the universe conflicted with the notions that the universe remained in a static state.   Galaxies were discovered to be moving away from each other and from the earth.  Their rate of recession implied that the expansion of the universe started less than 20 billion years ago.

Observational evidence suggested the universe was neither static and unchanging, nor 6000 years in age.  Construction of new theories on the creation of the universe, or modifications of the old ones would be necessary.  Mankind moved closer towards comprehending the universe.

 

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