|Friday of week 7
|Approximately 30 "frames."
This choice for your second assignment will involve the use of a special computer program to create the staging of a scene from Hamlet or Macbeth. The program allows you to create a series of "frames" by selecting chunks of text from your scene, then choosing the "actors" and props from menus, clicking and dragging them to the positions you want, on a reconstruction of the kind of stage Shakespeare wrote for.
You will proceed by selecting short passages of text for each frame. The texts retain the often cryptic and uninformative stage directions of the originals so that you will be encouraged to uncover the many hidden clues in the words as to where actors move, who they are talking to, and so on. The limited number of stage directions in the originals means that the director of Shakespeare has to work harder than the director of many modern plays to figure out what is happening on stage; correspondingly, however, there is greater freedom in interpretation.
The plays have some quite long scenes, so you should select a shorter scene, or choose only a part of a longer scene to block. The actual number of lines you work with will vary according to the amount of detail you personally want to include: I recommend that you deal with short passages and create somewhere in the vicinity of 30 frames, making sure that the sequence you block is reasonably self-contained.
You can access information on "Getting Started" with Scenario on this page.
The stage on which the action will take place is a reconstruction of the Globe Theatre, as illustrated in the CD ROM Shakespeare's Life and Times. As you use the program, you will become familiar with the kinds of actions that were possible on the Elizabethan thrust stage with little change of scene and with consequent opportunity for flowing action. You will realize both the advantages and disadvantages of acting in the small upper stage, and the limited possibilities of the stage for "discovery" scenes where actors hide from each other.
One of the first things a director does when working on the production of a play is to "block" the scenes, working out what the text implies in terms of movement across the stage, the groupings of characters, the manipulation of props, stage "business" and so on. By a simple process of selecting characters and props from menus, then dragging them to the places you want on the stage, you can create a series of "frames," rather like a movie or animation. You can then review or edit the frames you have created. As you work on your scene, you should select short pieces of the script for each frame you create; use props only when useful, and consider how to get them on and off stage; discuss staging as well as character in the notes for each frame; and think about the mechanics of entrances and exits using the available doors.
The program -- Scenario -- is available in the computer labs of the Clearihue building, and can be downloaded for use on your computer (Mac or PC) at home from this address: http://web.uvic.ca/hrd/scenario/.
When you create your own module of the scene you will be working with, you
should make sure it is saved to your own floppy disk. If
you accidentally save your scene to the hard drive of the computer you are
working on you should copy it to your own floppy when you have finished.
Always back up your work by making a second copy of it on a
The program saves your work as a separate file. You should submit the assignment by sending this file as an "attachment" to a regular email message. You will receive your marked assignment back in the same way. Please call the file something that will distinguish it (YourName Hamlet 2-2.shk for example). Keep the file name short, since not all operating systems understand file names over 30 characters.
This is not a conventional assignment, so it is important for you to know what
your instructor will be looking for when he or she is marking it. On the main
screen there is a "Comment" button that opens up a text box in which you can
explain your overall aim in blocking the scene, and on each frame you create
there is a place for you to comment on your reasons for making the individual
choices you have made. Here are some suggestions for points of stagecraft you
might think about as you build your scene.
You will be graded on your response to these specific points, on your general sense of the text as performance, and on the way your understanding of the text is communicated through staging. You should feel free to be inventive.
- A director blocking a scene will initially decide which entrances and
exits characters will use as they enter and leave the stage; make this clear in your blocking, either by where you place the characters on the stage or by
recording details in the comment box.
- The relationship between characters can frequently be illustrated by the
way they are grouped--standing close together, further apart, the most powerful in the centre and so on.
- The Elizabethan stage was sparse, but quite large. Use it fully.
- Think of your audience, and how clearly they will be able to see the
characters. This is actually quite a challenging point on the Elizabethan stage where the audience was on at least three sides of the actors.
- Stage directions in Shakespeare are minimal, but often there are implied
stage movements or actions in the text: cues for the actors. Read it carefully for hints.
- Avoid crowding the stage with props. They are fun, but you must think how they would be brought on and removed (there are no curtains).
- Comment carefully on your decisions. Often actions make words clearer. You cannot "animate" the characters you move around the stage but you can indicate in the comment box, and with the use of props, what is happening. Stage "business" is often important in comedy, where characters rely more on non-verbal signals; indicate any business in the comment box. Note the emphasis in the weighting of the mark below towards the use of comments to explain your choices.
- Remember that you should try to achieve an overall aim in your sense of
the scene and the way you think of its changing dynamics. The comment box on
the main card will allow you to sum up what you are attempting in the
There is no set length for the assignment, but you are likely to create in the vicinity of 30 frames for an adequate treatment of your scene. It is probably better to select smaller chunks of text to illustrate and to do only a part of one of the longer scenes than to make one frame cover a long sequence.
The percentages here are intended to give you a clear sense of the emphasis I
will put on the various components of your work. I will not actually break the mark down mechanically by each category, but will consider the assignment as a whole, with these categories in mind.
- Use of stage, grouping
- Sense of audience
- Use of cues from the text
- Comments to explain your choices