Research Books and Articles


Youth Experiences

Research Books
& Articles

Research Centers
& People











Please send comments
or questions to
mecht at uvic dot ca

Youth and New Media Use (e.g., Internet, Social Networking Sites, Instant Messaging)


Weber, S. & Dixon, S. (2007). Growing up online: Young people and digital technologies. NY: Palgrave, Mcmillan.

Kaare, B.H., Brandtzaeg,P.B.,Heim, J., & Endestad,T.(2007). In the borderland of family orientation and peer culture: the use of communication technologies among Norwegian tweens. New Media & Society, 9(4), 603-624.

Livingstone, S. & Hesper, E. (2007). Gradations in digitial inclusion: children, young people and the digital divide. New Media & Society 9(4), 671-696.

Heim, J., Brandtzaeg, P.B. Kaare, B.H., Endestad, T., & Torgersen, L. (2007). Children's usage of media technologies and psychosocial factors. New Media & Society, 9(3), 425-454.

Lenhart, A. (2007). Online harassment and cyberbullying. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.

Lenhart, A. & Madden, M. (2007). Teens, privacy and online social networks: How teens manage their online identities and personal information in the age of MySpace. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.

Maczewski, M. (2007). Youth as nexus: A networked perspective. Understanding how information and communication technologies matter to youth. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Victoria, BC, Canada.

Boyd, D. (in press). "Why Youth (Heart) Social Network Sites: The Role of Networked Publics in Teenage Social Life." MacArthur Foundation on Digital Learning, Identity Volume (ed. David Buckingham). MIT Press.

Boyd, D., & Heer, J. (2006). Profiles as conversation: Networked identity performance on friendster. Proceedings of the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-39), Persistent Conversations Mini-Track. Kauai, HI. Retrieved January 30, 2007.

Bryant, J. A., Sanders-Jackson, A., & Smallwood, A. M. K. (2006). IMing, text messaging, and adolescent social networks. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11(2), 1-17.

Buckingham, D. (2006). Is there a digital generation? In D. Buckingham & R. Willett (Eds.), Digital generations (pp. 1-18). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Scheidt, Lois Ann (2006). Adolescent Diary Weblogs and the Unseen Audience. In Buckingham, David and Willett, Rebekah (Ed.), Digital Generations: Children, Young People and New Media. London: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Campbell, R. (2006). Teenage girls and cellular phones: Discourses of independence, safety and 'rebellion'. Journal of Youth Studies, 9(2), 195-212.

Valkenburg, P. M., Schouten, A. P., & Peter, J. (2005). Adolescents' identity experiments on the internet. New Media & Society, 7(3), 383-402.

Tomito, H. (2005). Keitai and the intimate stranger. In M. Ito, D. Okabe, & M. Matsuda (Eds.), Personal, portable, pedestrian. Mobile phones in Japanese life. (pp. 183-201). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Shade, L. R., Porter, N., & Sanchez, W. (2005). "You can see anything on the internet, you can do anything on the internet!" Young Canadians talk about the internet. Canadian Journal of Communication, 30, 503-526.

Media Awareness Network. (2005c). Young Canadians in a wired world. Survey. Ottawa, ON: Author. Retrieved January 30, 2007. (More than a survey, also focus groups with parents and teens on the media awareness network site).

Thiel, S. M. (2005). Identity construction and gender negotiation in the world of adolescent girls and instant messaging. In S. R. Mazzarella (Ed.), Girl wide web. Girls, the internet, and the negotiation of identity. (pp. 179-202). NY: Peter Lang.

Suler, John. (1998, Revised Feb. 2005). Adolescents in Cyberspace. Part of the online book: The Psychology of Cyberspace.

Livingstone, S., Bober, M., & Helsper, E. (2005). Inequalitites and the digital divide in children and young people's internet use. Findings from the UK children go online project. London: London School of Economics and Political Science.

Clark, L. S. (2005). The constant contact generation. In S. R. Mazzarrella (Ed.), Girl wide web. Girls, the internet, and the negotiation of identity (pp. 203-221). New York: Peter Lang.

Ito, M., & Okabe, D. (2005). Technosocial situations: Emergent structuring of mobile e-mail use. In M. Ito, D. Okabe, & M. Matsuda (Eds.), Personal, portable, pedestrian. Mobile phones in Japanese life. (pp. 257-273). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Heer, J., & Boyd, D. (2005). Vizster: Visualizing online social networks. Retrieved February 2007.

Lenhart, A., Madden, M., & Hitlin, P. (2005). Teens and technology. Youth are leading the transition to a fully wired and mobile nation. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved January 30.

Gross, E. (2004). Adolescent internet use: What we expect, what teens report. Applied Developmental Psychology, 25, 633-649.

Thurlow, C., & McKay, S. (2003). Profiling "new" communication technologies in adolescence. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 22(1), 94-103.

Janis Wolak, Kimberly J. Mitchell and David Finkelhor (2003). Escaping or connecting? Characteristics of youth who form close online relationships, Journal of Adolescence, 26, 105-119.

Mitchell K.J.; Finkelhor D.; Wolak J. (2003). The Exposure Of Youth To Unwanted Sexual Material On The Internet: A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention Youth & Society, 1 March 2003, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 330-358(29), Sage Publications.

Mesch, G. & Talmud, I. (2003). The Nature of Computer-Mediated Social networks among Israeli Youth. Research Report.

Kasesniemi, Eija-Liisa & Rautiainen, P. (2002). Mobile culture of children and teenagers in Finland. In Katz, J. & Aakhus, M. (eds.) Perpetual contact: Mobile communication, private talk, public performance. (*research focused on cell phone use)

Katz, James E. & Aakhus, M. (2002). Perpetual Contatc: Mobile communication, private talk, public performance. Cambridge University Press.

Gross, Elisheva F., Juvonen, Jaana & Gable, Shelley (2002). Internet use and well-being in adolescence. Journal of Social Issues, 58 (1), pp. 75-90.

Livingstone, S. (2002). Young people and new media: Childhood and the changing media environment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Maczewski, Mechthild (2002). Exploring identities through the Internet: Youth Experiences Online. Child and Youth Care Forum, 31 (2), pp. 111-129.

Skog, B. (2002). Mobiles and the Norwegian Teen: identity, gender and class. In Katz, J. & Aakhus, M. (eds.) Perpetual contact: Mobile communication, private talk, public performance. (*research focused on cell phone use)

Ling, R., & Yttri, B. (2002). Hyper-coordination via mobile phones in Norway. In J. E. Katz & M. Aakhus (Eds.), Perpetual contact. Mobile communication, private talk, public performance. (pp. 139-169). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Schiano, D.J., CHen, C., Ginsberg, J, Gretarsdottir, U, Huddleston, M & Issace, E. (2002). Teen Use of Messaging Media. Human Factors in Computing Systems: CHI'2002. Extended Abstracts. NY: ACM

Cummings, J., Butler, B., & Kraut, R. (2002). The quality of online social relationships. Communications of the ACM, 45(7), 103-108.

Valentine, G., & Holloway, S. L. (2002). The digital generation? Children, ICT and the everyday nature of social exclusion. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 92(2), 302-319.

Lenhart, A., & Rainie, L. (2001). Teenage life online. The rise of the instant-message generation and the internet's impact on friendships and family relationships. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.

Mesch, Gustavo S. (2001). Social Relationships and Internet: Use among Adolescents in Israel. Social Science Quarterly. 82(2):235-245.

Egan, J. 2000, December 10. <Gay. 15 and Out> Lonely Teen Seeking Same. The Internet was supposed to change everything. For gay kids, it really has. The New York Times Magazine, 6, 110-117, 128-131.

Postmes, T., Spears, R., & Wolbert, A. November, 2000. Social psychological influence of ICT's on society and their policy implications. Netherlands: Infodrome.

prior to 2000

Opaschowski, Horst, W. (1999). Generation @ Die Medienrevolution entlaesst ihre Kinder: Leben im Informationszeitalter. Hamburg, Germany: British-American Tobacco GmBH.

Rushkoff, Douglas. (1996, 1999). Playing the future. What we can learn from digital kids. NY: Riverhead Books.

Maczewski, M. 1999. Internet Research on Youth Experiences Online: Exploring Identities in the Interplay of online and onground lives. Unpublished Master's Thesis, University of Victoria, BC, Canada.

Sefton-Green, J. (1998). Digital diversions: Youth culture in the age of multi-media. London: UCL Press.

Tapscott, Don. (1998). Growing up digital. The rise of the net generation. San Francisco: McGraw-Hill. Website complementing the book.

Clark, Lynn Schofield (1998). Dating on the Net: Teens and the rise of pure relationships. In Jones, S.G. (Ed.) Cybersociety 2.0 Revisiting computer-mediated communication and community. pp. 159-183. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Kiesler, S., Kraut, R., Lundmark, V., Patterson, M., Mukopadhyay, T., and Scherlis, W. 1998. A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? American Psychologist 53 (9), pp. 1017-1031.

Chu, J. 1997. Navigating the media environment: how youth claim a place through zines. Social Justice, 24 (3), 71-84.


Miscellaneous (Cyberculture, Identities, Methodology)

Cyberculture and Identities

Boase, J., Horrigan, J., Wellman, B., & Rainie, L. (2006). The strength of internet ties. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.

Wellman, B. (2006). Connecting community: On and offline. Toronto. Retrieved April 27. 2006, from

Howard, P. (2004). Embedded media. Who we know, what we know, and society online. In P. Howard & S. Jones (Eds.), Society online. The internet in context (pp. 1-28). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

de Kerckhove, D., & Viseu, A. (2003). From memory societies to knowledge societies. The cognitive dimensions of digitization. Retrieved February 03, 2007, from

de Kerckhove, D. (2002). Texts, context and hypertext, three conditions of language, three conditions of mind. In M. Herczeg, W. Prinz, & H. Oberquelle (Eds.), Mensch & computer: Vom interaktiven werkzeug zu kooperativen arbeits- und lernwelten [Human & computer: From an interactive tool to cooperative work-and lifeworlds] (pp. 15-19). Stuttgart, Germany: B.G. Teubner.

Gergen, K. (2002). The challenge of absent presence. In J. E. Katz & M. Aakhus (Eds.), Perpetual contact. Mobile communication, private talk, public performance. (pp. 227-241). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Levy, Pierre. (2001). Cyberculture. MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Surratt, Carla (2001). The Internet and social change. NC: McFarland & Company.

Wellman, B., Quan-Haase, A., Witte, J. & Hampton, K. (2001, November). Does the Internet increase, decrease or supplement social capital? Social networks, participation and community comittment. American Behavioural Scientist, 45 (3), 437-56.

Bell, David. & Kennedy, Barbara (eds) (2000). The Cybercultures Reader. NY: Routledge.

Smith, M.A. & Kollock, P. (1999). Communities in Cyberspace. NY: Routledge.

Hillis, Ken. 1999. Digital Sensations: Space, Identity, and Embodiment in Virtual Reality. Paperback - 271 pages, 1st edition, Vol 1, Univ of Minnesota Press. 

Markham, Annette 1998. Life online: researching real experience in virtual space. London: Altamira Press. [also a good read for research methodology]

Hetherington, K. 1998. Vanloads of uproarious humanity. New age travellers and the utopics of the countryside. In Skelton, T. & Valentine, G. (Eds.). Cool places, Geographies of youth cultures (pp. 328-343). NY: Routledge.

Castells, Manuel. 1997. The power of identity. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.

Hoskins, M. & Lesotho, J. 1996. Changing metaphors of the self: implications for counselling. Journal of counseling and development, 74, pp. 243-252.

Melucci, A.1996. The playing self. Cambridge: University Press.

Castells, Manuel. (1996). The rise of the network society. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.

de Kerckhove, Derrick. (1997). Connected intelligence. The arrival of the web society. Toronto: Somerville House Publishing.

de Kerckhove, D. (1995). The skin of culture. Investigating the new electronic reality. Toronto: Somerville House Publishing.

Dobell, D. & Neufeld, M. (1994). Transborder citizens. Networks and new institutions in North America. Lantzville, BC, Canada: oolichan books.

Postman, Neil. (1992). Technopoly. The surrender of culture to technology. NY: Random House.

Gergen, K. 1991. The saturated self. Dilemmas of identity in contemporary life. USA: Basic Books.

McLuhan, M. and McLuhan, E. (1988). Laws of media: The new science. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.


Hine, C. (2005). Virtual methods. Issues in social research on the internet. New York: Berg.

Marcus, G. E. (2005). Multi-sited ethnography: Five or six things I know about it now. Unpublished manuscript. Retrieved January 30, 2007, from

Buchanan, E. (2003). Readings in virtual research ethics: Issues and Controversies.

Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum Qualitative Social Research

    Bampton, R., & Cowton, C. J. (2002, May). The E-interview.

    Gibbs, G., Friese, S., & Mangabeira, W.C. (2002, May). The use of new technology in qualitative research.

    Holge-Hazelton, B. (2002, May). The Internet: a new field for qualitative inquiry?

    Moes, J. (2000, January). Von der Text-zur Hypertextanalyse: Konsequenzen fuer die qualitative Sozialforschung. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung /

    Wittel, Andreas. (2000, January). Ethnography on the move: from field to net to Internet.

Mann, Chris & Stewart, Fiona. (2000). Internet communication and qualitative research. A handbook for researching online. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Nosek, B. A., Banaji, M. R., & Greenwald, A.G. (2002). E-Research: Ethics, security, design, and control in psychological research on the Internet. Journal of Social Issues, 58(1), 161-176.

Baym, Nancy K. 2000. Tune in, Log On: Soaps, Fandom, and Online Community. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Buchanan, E. (2000, Fall). Ethics, qualitative research, and ethnography in virtual space. Journal of Information Ethics, 82-87.

Burawoy, M., Blum, J. A., George, S., Gille, Z., Gowan, T., & Haney, L., et al. (Eds.). (2000). Global ethnography. Forces, connections, and imaginations in a postmodern world. London: University of California Press.

Hine, Christine. 2000. Virtual Ethnography. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Moor, J. (2000). What is computer ethics? In R.M. Baird, R. Ramsower, & S.E. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Cyberethics. social and moral issues in the computer age, (pp. 23-33). NY: Prometheus Books.

Jones, Stephen. 1999. Doing Internet Research. Critical issues and methods for examining the net. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Hakken, David. (1999). Cyborgs@Cyberspace. An ethnographer looks to the future.NY: Routledge.

Buchanan, T., & Smith, J. L. (1999). Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the world wide web. British Journal of Psychology, 90, 125-144.

Markham, A. (1998). Life online: Researching real experience in virtual space. London: Altamira Press.

Boehlefeld, S. P. (1996). Doing the right thing: Ethical cyberspace research. The Information Society, 12(2), 119-127.

Kids and Computers

Bergman, Wolfgang. (2000). Computer machen Kinder schlau. Was Kinder beim Computerspeilen sehen und fuehlen, denken und lernen. Muenchen, Germany: Beust Verlag.

Armstrong, Alison & Casement, Charles (1998). The child and the machine. Why computers may put our children's education at risk. Toronto, Canada: Key Porter Books.

Kahane, Reuven. (1997). The origins of postmodern youth. Informal youth movements in a comparative perspective. Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter & Co.

Turkle, Sherry. (1984). The second self. Computers and the human spirit. NY: Simon & Schuster


back to Top home | stories | articles | centers | parents | parents | about