Selected Bibliography: Hardy and Masculinity

Detail from Walter Paget’s illustrations for “The Pursuit of the Well-Beloved: A Sketch of a Temperament,” Illustrated London News, 17 December 1892, page 773 The study of masculinity reflects postmodern concerns with masculinity as an “unmarked” position and with gender as a binary category.  As the following list of secondary materials indicates, studies of Hardy and masculinity are largely a twenty-first century phenomenon.  These studies are included separately for those who wish to trace the development of this branch of critical work on Hardy and gender.  Detail from William Hatherell’s illustrations for “Hearts Insurgent,” Harper's New Monthly Magazine, November 1895, p. 896



Mitchell, Judith. “All Fall Down: Hardy’s Heroes on the 1990s Cinema Screen.” Thomas Hardy on Screen.  Ed. Terry Wright. Cambridge Companion Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Horlacher, Stefan. “The Letter Killeth but the Spirit Giveth Life: Masculinity in Thomas Hardys Jude the Obscure.” Anglistentag 2004, Aachen: Proceedings. Ed. Lilo Moessner and Christa M. Schmidt. Trier, Germany: Wissenschaftlicher, 2005. 171-182.


Devereux, Joanna. Patriarchy and Its Discontents: Sexual Politics in Selected Novels and Stories of Thomas Hardy. Studies in Major Literary Authors: Outstanding Dissertations Series 17. New York: Routledge, 2003.


Nemesvari, Richard. The Thing Must Be Male, We Suppose: Erotic Triangles in Tess of the dUrbervilles and Billy Budd. Thomas Hardy: Texts and Contexts. Ed. Phillip Mallett. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.


Radford, Andrew. “The Unmanned Fertility Figure in Hardys The Woodlanders (1887).” Victorian Newsletter 99 (2001): 24-32.


Dolin, Tim. “Jude Fawley and the New Man.” Jude the Obscure. New Casebooks Series. Ed. Penny Boumelha. New York: St. Martin's, 2000.

Nemesvari, Richard. “Is It a Man or a Woman?: Constructing Masculinity in Desperate Remedies.” Human Shows: Essays in Honour of Michael Millgate. Ed. Rosemarie Morgan and Richard Nemesvari. New Haven: Hardy Association Press, 2000.


Langbaum, Robert. “The Minimisation of Sexuality.” Thomas Hardy in Our Time. Basingstoke: Macmillan (1995). Rpt. in The Mayor of Casterbridge. New Casebooks Series. Ed. Julian Wolfreys. New York: St. Martin's, 2000.


Jones, Tod E. “Michael Henchard: Hardys Male Homosexual.” Victorian Newsletter 86 (1994): 9-13.


Langland, Elizabeth. “Becoming a Man in Jude the Obscure.” The Sense of Sex: Feminist Perspectives on Hardy. Ed. Margaret Higonnet. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993.


Dellamora, Richard. “Male Relations in Thomas Hardys Jude the Obscure.” Papers on Language and Literature 27 no. 4 (1991): 453-472.  Rpt. in Jude the Obscure. New Casebooks Series. Ed. Penny Boumelha. New York: St. Martin's, 2000.

Federico, Annette. Masculine Identity in Hardy and Gissing. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1991.

Garson, Marjorie. “Jude the Obscure: What Does a Man Want?.” Hardys Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. Rpt. in Jude the Obscure. New Casebooks Series. Ed. Penny Boumelha. New York: St. Martin's, 2000.


Beegel, Susan. “Batheshebas Lovers: Male Sexuality in Far from the Madding Crowd.Sexuality and Victorian Literature. Ed. Don Richard Cox. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984. 


Showalter, Elaine. The Unmanning of the Mayor of Casterbridge. Critical Approaches to the Fiction of Thomas Hardy. Ed. Dale Kramer. London: Macmillan, 1979. Rpt. in Modern Critical Views: Thomas Hardy. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1987.

Detail from Robert Barnes’s illustrations for The Mayor of Casterbridge, The Graphic, 3 April 1886, Plate 14