ES 384

Systems Theory: An Introduction to Natural and Social Systems

Units: 1.5

Hours: 3-0

Formerly: 414

Enables each participant to grasp the fundamental principles of systems theory, and provides a foundation for further exploration and application of systems concepts. Examines concepts such as cybernetics, holism, boundaries, negative and positive feedback, self-organization and transformation. Students will learn to apply these principles to both natural and social systems.


  • Credit will be granted for only one of ES 384, ES 400D (if taken in Sep 1989 - Apr 1990), ES 414.


Undergraduate course in Environmental Studies offered by the School of Environmental Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences.

Summer Fall Spring

Note that not all courses are offered in every term. If a course is not offered, the schedule page will alert you that "No classes were found that meet your search criteria."