ES 423

Traditional Systems of Land and Resource Management

Units: 1.5

Hours: 3-0

Also: ER 326

Formerly: ES 353

The role of traditional ecological knowledge in the understanding and documentation of the biodiversity of natural systems and their restoration. Examination of how restoration strategies can benefit from the close relationship of Indigenous Peoples to their local environments, and from their knowledge of plants and animals, their habitats and ecological interrelationships, as well as from traditional land and resource management strategies.


  • Credit will be granted for only one of ES 423, ES 353, ER 326.


Undergraduate course in Environmental Studies offered by the School of Environmental Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences.

Summer Fall Spring

Note that not all courses are offered in every term. If a course is not offered, the schedule page will alert you that "No classes were found that meet your search criteria."