ER 311

Principles and Concepts of Ecological Restoration

Units: 1.5

Hours: 3-0-0

Formerly: also ES 341

An examination of how effective restoration depends on both ecological and cultural awareness, including the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of ecosystems from local to global scales; the impacts of human-induced change; the philosophical and ethical context for good restoration; the need for and significance of community involvement; the legal and policy frameworks that direct and influence restoration activities; and the importance of understanding essential ecosystem characteristics in restoration.


  • Credit will be granted for only one of ER 311, ES 341 (if taken prior to May 2015), ES 352, ES 400D (if taken in Sep-Dec 1995 or Jan-Apr 1996).


  • Admission to Certificate or Diploma program in Restoration of Natural Systems; or
  • permission of the program.

Undergraduate course in Environmental Restoration offered by the School of Environmental Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences.

Summer 2019 Fall 2019 Spring 2020

Summer timetable available: February 15. Fall and Spring timetables available: May 15.

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