ES 406

Alternative Economies for Social Change

Units: 1.5

Hours: 3-0-0

A consideration of the many forms of economic activity that go on outside competitive, profit-maximizing markets. The concept of 'social enterprise' is examined, with ways that communities, and not just individuals, develop their economies with goals of community benefit and social justice as well as material improvement. 'The economy' is treated as a landscape of different practices that may be obscured by concentrating just on market transactions.


  • Credit will be granted for only one of ES 406, ES 380 (if taken in the same topic).


Undergraduate course in Environmental Studies offered by the School of Environmental Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences.

Summer 2019 Fall 2019 Spring 2020

Summer timetable available: February 15. Fall and Spring timetables available: May 15.

Before these dates the class schedule will show "No classes were found that meet your search criteria". If this message is shown after these dates, the course is not scheduled for the selected term.