BIOL 418

Forest Ecology

Units: 1.5

Hours: 3-3-0

Structure and function of forest ecosystems at the tree, stand and landscape scale, including: effects of the environment upon plant abundance, distribution and diversity; nutrient, carbon and water cycles; population and community ecology; disturbance; forest conservation; climate change and global forests.


  • BIOL 215; and
  • minimum third year standing.


Undergraduate course in Biology offered by the Department of Biology in the Faculty of Science.

Fall 2019 Spring 2020 Summer 2020

Summer timetable available: February 15. Fall and Spring timetables available: May 15.

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