ER 313

Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

Units: 1.5

Also: ES 348

Study of biological organisms and ecosystems with particular reference to mechanisms of change and human impacts on the environment. Focuses on: biodiversity (definition, assessment methods, loss, and evaluation); population biology (concepts and research methods); habitat loss; species extinction; exotic species and their impacts; and possibilities for human intervention in alleviating trends in species loss and ecosystem degradation.



  • If taken as ER 313,
  • admission to Certificate or Diploma program in Restoration of Natural Systems; or
  • permission of the program.
  • If taken as ES 348,
  • all of ER 200, BIOL 184, BIOL 186.

Undergraduate course in Environmental Restoration offered by the School of Environmental Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences.

Fall 2019 Spring 2020 Summer 2020

Summer timetable available: February 15. Fall and Spring timetables available: May 15.

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