ES 423

Traditional Systems of Land and Resource Management

Units: 1.5

Hours: 3-0-0

Also: ER 326

The role of traditional ecological knowledge in the understanding and documentation of the biodiversity of natural systems and their restoration. Examination of how restoration strategies can benefit from the close relationship of Indigenous Peoples to their local environments, and from their knowledge of plants and animals, their habitats and ecological interrelationships, as well as from traditional land and resource management strategies.


  • Credit will be granted for only one of ES 423, ES 353, ER 326.


Undergraduate course in Environmental Studies offered by the School of Environmental Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences.

Fall 2019 Spring 2020 Summer 2020

Summer timetable available: February 15. Fall and Spring timetables available: May 15.

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