Michael E. J. Masson


Professor of Psychology
Acting Associate Vice-President Research
M.A., Ph.D., University of Colorado
B.A., University of British Columbia

Department of Psychology
University of Victoria
P.O. Box 1700 STN CSC
Victoria BC V8W 2Y2
Canada

Office: Cornett Building, Room A183
Phone: (250) 721-7536
Courier: Cornett Building, Room A236
Fax: (250) 721-8929
e-mail: click here to send an e-mail message



Contents

Opportunities for Students
Research Interests
Laboratory Facilities
Publications Since 1990

Opportunities for Students

Graduate students. I am not currently considering new graduate students.



Research Interests: Cognition and Action, Human Memory

I am conducting research on basic processes of cognition and memory. One aspect of this work investigates embodied cognition, especially the ways in which knowledge about manual interactions with objects is used when identifying manipulable objects (such as tools) or when understanding sentences describing interactions with such objects. My research group currently is using behavioral measures such as time taken to make cued hand action responses. In addition, we are developing paradigms that include measurement of event-related potentials, on-line tracking of hand position and shape, and tracking of eye movements to provide detailed analyses of the recruitment of action representations. Another aspect of my research examines cognitive control, particularly how resolution of conflict between two competing processes modulates the subsequent functioning of those processes when performed in the absence of competition. Various other lines of investigation are also underway, including studies of implicit memory and contextual influences on skilled word reading performance. One project completed a few years ago reported the discovery of a new visual illusion (the bicycle illusion) along with psychophysical experiments that reveal important features of the illusion.
Click here to view or download a demonstration of the bicycle illusion developed with my colleagues at the University of British Columbia.
A band from Amsterdam called The Ex wrote a song about the bicycle illusion that appears on their 2010 album "Catch My Shoe". Click here to visit the band's web site. A YouTube video of the band performing this song, "Bicycle Illusion", can be found here.


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Laboratory Facilities

The research conducted in my laboratory is supported by funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The laboratory is equipped with Macintosh desktop computers which support stimulus preparation, real-time control of experiments, and data analysis. The laboratory also has a facility for collecting real-time eye-movement data, based on an SR Research EyeLink 1000 eye-tracking system. Click the following link to see photos of our eye-tracking system. We also have a motion-monitoring system supplied by Innovative Sports Training which uses magnetic sensors to track the shape and position of hands in three-dimensional space. This technology enables some exciting lines of investigation in our work on embodied cognition and hand-action representations. Click the following link to see photos of our motion-monitoring system. Motion monitor.




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Publications since 1990

-Coauthors who were or are students or postdoctoral fellows at the University of Victoria when the reported research was done are indicated by *.

-Papers posted here are for academic and educational uses only.

-A summary of citations to my work can be found on Google Scholar.

*Chan, S., Mueller, U., & Masson, M. E. J. (2019). Far-transfer effects of strategy-based working memory training. Frontiers in Psychology 10:1285. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01285

Bernstein, D. M., *Kumar, R., Masson, M. E. J., & Levitin, D. J. (2018). Fluency misattribution and auditory hindsight bias. Memory & Cognition, 46, 1331-1343.

Masson, M. E. J. (2018). Intentions and actions. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72, 219-228.

Nathoo, F. S., *Kilshaw, R. E., & Masson, M. E. J. (2018). A better (Bayesian) interval estimate for within-subject designs. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 86, 1-9.

Chua, K.-W., Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & Gauthier, I. (2018). Grasp representations depend on knowledge and attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44, 268-279.

Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & *van Mook, H. (2018). Switching between lift and use grasp actions. Cognition, 174, 28-36.

*Carruthers, S., Stege, U., & Masson, M. E. J. (2018). The role of the goal in solving hard computational problems: Do people really optimize? Journal of Problem Solving, 11, 1-19.

Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & *Kumar, R. (2018). Time course of motor affordances evoked by pictured objects and words. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44, 53-68.

*Teskey, M. L., & Masson, M. E. J. (2017). Components of competitor priming in task switching. Memory & Cognition, 45, 1384-1397.

*Song, Y., Nathoo, F. S., & Masson, M. E. J. (2017). A Bayesian approach to mixed-effects analysis of accuracy data in repeated-measures designs. Journal of Memory and Language, 96, 78-92.

Masson, M. E. J., *Rabe, M. M., & Kliegl, R. (2017). Modulation of additive and interactive effects by trial history revisited. Memory & Cognition, 45, 480-492.

*Areshenkoff, C. N., Bub, D. N., & Masson, M. E. J. (2017). Task-dependent motor representations evoked by spatial words: Implications for embodied accounts of word meaning. Journal of Memory and Language, 92, 158-169.

Nathoo, F. S., & Masson, M. E. J. (2016). Bayesian alternatives to null-hypothesis significance testing for repeated-measures designs. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 72, 144-157.

Murray, D. L., Morris, D., Lavoie, C., Leavitt, P. R., MacIsaac, H., Masson, M. E. J., & Villard, M.-A. (2016). Bias in research grant evaluation has dire consequences for small universities. PLoS ONE 11(6): e0155876. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155876.

Rayner, K., Schotter, E. R., Masson, M. E. J., Potter, M. C., & Treiman, R. (2016). So much to read, so little time: How do we read, and can speed reading help? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 17, 4-34.

Bodner, G. E., Johnson, J. C. S., & Masson, M. E. J. (2015). Fluency can bias masked priming of binary judgments: Evidence from an all-nonword task. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 200-205.

Masson, M. E. J. (2015). Toward a deeper understanding of embodiment. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 159-164.

*Heard, A. W., Masson, M. E. J., & Bub, D. N. (2015). Time course of action representations evoked during sentence comprehension. Acta Psychologica, 156, 98-103.

Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & *Lin, T. (2015). Components of action representations evoked when identifying manipulable objects. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:42. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00042

*Till, B. C., Masson, M. E. J., Bub, D. N., & Driessen, P. F. (2014). Embodied effects of conceptual knowledge continuously perturb the hand in flight. Psychological Science, 25, 1637-1648.

Masson, M. E. J., & *Carruthers, S. (2014). Control processes in voluntary and explicitly cued task switching. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67, 1944-1958.

Bodner, G. E., & Masson, M. E. J. (2014). Memory recruitment: A backward idea about masked priming. In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 61, pp. 179-213). Burlington: Academic Press.

Masson, M. E. J. (2014). Foundational roles for action representations: Comment on "Action semantics: A unifying conceptual framework for the selective use of multimodal and modality-specific object knowledge" by van Elk, van Schie, & Bekkering. Physics of Life Reviews, 11, 263-264.

Masson, M. E. J., Bub, D. N., & *Lavelle, H. (2013). Dynamic evocation of hand action representations during sentence comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142, 742-762.

Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & *Lin, T. (2013). Features of planned actions influence identification of graspable objects. Psychological Science, 24, 1269-1276.

Masson, M. E. J., & Kliegl, R. (2013). Modulation of additive and interactive effects in lexical decision by trial history. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39, 898-914.

*Carruthers, S., Masson, M. E. J., & Stege, U. (2012). Human performance on hard non-Euclidean graph problems: Vertex cover. Journal of Problem Solving, 5, 34-55.

Bub, D. N., & Masson, M. E. J. (2012). On the dynamics of action representations evoked by names of manipulable objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141, 502-517.

MacLeod, C. M., Pottruff, M. M., Forrin, N. D., & Masson, M. E. J. (2012). The next generation: The value of reminding. Memory & Cognition, 40, 693-702.

Masson, M. E. J., Bub, D. N., & *Breuer, A. T. (2011). Priming of reach and grasp actions by handled objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37, 1470-1484.

Masson, M. E. J. (2011). A tutorial on a practical Bayesian alternative to null-hypothesis significance testing. Behavior Research Methods, 43, 679-690. (A correction is included at the end of the file.) Excel worksheet for computing BIC

Masson, M. E. J., Bub, D. N., & Lalonde, C. E. (2011). Video-game training and naive reasoning about object motion. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25, 166-173.

Bub, D. N., & Masson, M. E. J. (2010). On the nature of hand-action representations evoked during written sentence comprehension. Cognition, 116, 394-408.

Kliegl, R., Masson, M. E. J., & Richter, E. M. (2010). A linear mixed model analysis of masked repetition priming. Visual Cognition, 18, 655-681.

Bub, D. N., & Masson, M. E. J. (2010). Grasping beer mugs: On the dynamics of alignment effects induced by handled objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36, 341-358.

*Warren, C. M., *Breuer, A., *Kantner, J., Fiset, D., Blais, C., & Masson, M. E. J. (2009). Target-distractor interference in the attentional blink implicates the locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 1106-1111.

Masson, M. E. J., & Rotello, C. M. (2009). Sources of bias in the Goodman-Kruskal gamma coefficient measure of association: Implications for studies of metacognitive processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35, 509-527.

*Breuer, A. T., Masson, M. E. J., *Cohen, A.-L., & Lindsay, D. S. (2009). Long-term repetition priming of briefly identified objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35, 487-498.

Masson, M. E. J, Dodd, M. D., & Enns, J. T. (2009). The bicycle illusion: Sidewalk science informs the integration of motion and shape perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 35, 133-145.

Masson, M. E. J., Bub, D. N., & *Warren, C. M. (2008). Kicking calculators: Contribution of embodied representations to sentence comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language, 59, 256-265.

Masson, M. E. J., Bub, D. N., & *Newton-Taylor, M. (2008). Language-based access to gestural components of conceptual knowledge. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 869-882.

Rotello, C. M., Masson, M. E. J, & Verde, M. F. (2008). Type I error rates and power analyses for single-point sensitivity measures. Perception & Psychophysics, 70, 389-401.

Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & *Cree, G. S. (2008). Evocation of functional and volumetric gestural knowledge by objects and words. Cognition, 106, 27-58.

*Gruppuso, V., Lindsay, D. S., & Masson, M. E. J. (2007). I'd know that face anywhere! Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 1085-1089.

Masson, M. E. J., Bub, D. N., & *Ishigami, Y. (2007). Task-set persistence modulates word reading following resolution of picture-word interference. Memory & Cognition, 35, 2012-2018.

*Bodner, G. E., Masson, M. E. J., & Richard, N. T. (2006). Repetition proportion biases masked priming of lexical decisions. Memory & Cognition, 34, 1298-1311.

Bub, D. N., & Masson, M. E. J. (2006). Gestural knowledge evoked by objects as part of conceptual representations. Aphasiology, 20, 1112-1124.

Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & Lalonde, C. E. (2006). Cognitive control in children: Stroop interference and suppression of word reading. Psychological Science, 17, 351-357.

Whittlesea, B. W. A., Masson, M. E. J., & Hughes, A. D. (2005). False memory following rapidly presented lists: The element of surprise. Psychological Research, 69, 420-430.

Whittlesea, B. W. A., & Masson, M. E. J. (2005). Repetition blindness in rapid lists: Activation and inhibition versus construction and attribution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31, 54-67.

Masson, M. E. J. (2004). When words collide: Facilitation and interference in the report of repeated words from rapidly presented lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 30, 1279-1289.

*Bodner, G. E., & Masson, M. E. J. (2004). Beyond binary judgments: Prime validity modulates masked repetition priming in the naming task. Memory & Cognition, 32, 1-11.

*Bukach, C. M., Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & Lindsay, D. S. (2004). Category specificity in normal episodic learning: Applications to object recognition and category-specific agnosia. Cognitive Psychology, 48, 1-46.

*Cohen, A.-L., Dixon, R. A., Lindsay, D. S., & Masson, M. E. J. (2003). The effect of perceptual distinctiveness on the prospective and retrospective components of prospective memory in young and old adults. Canadian Journalof Experimental Psychology, 57, 274-289.

*Bodner, G. E., & Masson, M. E. J. (2003). Beyond spreading activation: An influence of relatedness proportion on masked semantic priming. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 10, 645-652.

Masson, M. E. J., Bub, D. N., *Woodward, T. S., & *Chan, J. C. K. (2003). Modulation of word-reading processes in task switching. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 132, 400-418.

Masson, M. E. J., & Loftus, G. R. (2003). Using confidence intervals for graphically based data interpretation. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57, 203-220. (A correction is included at the end of the file.)

Bub, D. N., Masson, M. E. J., & *Bukach, C. M. (2003). Gesturing and naming: The use of functional knowledge in object identification. Psychological Science, 14, 467-472.

Masson, M. E. J., & *Bodner, G. E. (2003). A retrospective view of masked priming: Toward a unified account of masked and long-term repetition priming. In S. Kinoshita & S. J. Lupker (Eds.), Masked priming: The state of the art (pp. 57-94). New York: Psychology Press.

Masson, M. E. J. (2002). Bias in masked word identification: Unconscious influences of repetition priming. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 773-779.

*Borowsky, R., Owen, W. J., & Masson, M. E. J. (2002). Diagnostics of phonological lexical processing: Pseudohomophone naming advantages, disadvantages, and base-word frequency effects. Memory & Cognition, 30, 969-987.

Masson, M. E. J., & MacLeod, C. M. (2002). Covert operations: Orthographic recoding as a basis for repetition priming in word identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 28, 858-871.

*Bodner, G. E., & Masson, M. E. J. (2001). Prime validity affects masked repetition priming: Evidence for an episodic resource account of priming. Journal of Memory and Language, 45, 616-647.

*Dean, M. P., Bub, D. N., & Masson, M. E. J. (2001). Interference from related items in object identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 27, 733-743.

*Caldwell, J. I., & Masson, M. E. J. (2001). Conscious and unconscious influences of memory for object location. Memory & Cognition, 29, 285-295.

Masson, M. E. J., & MacLeod, C. M. (2000). Taking the "text" out of context effects in repetition priming of word identification. Memory & Cognition, 28, 1090-1097.

Masson, M. E. J., *Caldwell, J. I., & Whittlesea, B. W. A. (2000). When lust is lost: Orthographic similarity effects in the encoding and reconstruction of rapidly presented word lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26, 1005-1022.

*Bodner, G. E., Masson, M. E. J., & *Caldwell, J. I. (2000). Evidence for a generate-recognize model of episodic influences on word-stem completion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26, 267-293.

MacLeod, C. M., & Masson, M. E. J. (2000). Repetition priming in speeded word reading: Contributions of perceptual and conceptual processing episodes. Journal of Memory and Language, 42, 208-228.

Masson, M. E. J., & *Hicks, C. L. (1999). The influence of selection for response on repetition priming of word identification. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 53, 381-393.

Masson, M. E. J. (1999). Interactive processes in word identification: Modeling context effects in a distributed memory system. In R. M. Klein & P. A. McMullen (Eds.), Converging methods for understanding reading and dyslexia (pp. 373-411). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Masson, M. E. J. (1999). Semantic priming in a recurrent network: Comment on Dalrymple-Alford and Marmurek (1999). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 25, 776-794.

Masson, M. E. J., & *Isaak, M. I. (1999). Masked priming of words and nonwords in a naming task: Further evidence for a nonlexical basis for priming. Memory & Cognition, 27, 399-412.

*Borowsky, R., & Masson, M. E. J. (1999). Frequency effects and lexical access: On the interpretation of null pseudohomophone base-word frequency effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 25, 270-275.

Masson, M. E. J., & *Borowsky, R. (1998). More than meets the eye: Context effects in word identification. Memory & Cognition, 26, 1245-1269.

Masson, M. E. J., & *Caldwell, J. I. (1998). Conceptually driven encoding episodes create perceptual misattributions. Acta Psychologica, 98, 183-210.

*Bodner, G. E., & Masson, M. E. J. (1997). Masked repetition priming of words and nonwords: Evidence for a nonlexical basis for priming. Journal of Memory and Language, 37, 268-293.

MacLeod, C. M., & Masson, M. E. J. (1997). Priming patterns are different in masked word identification and word fragment completion. Journal of Memory and Language, 36, 461-483.

Masson, M. E. J., & MacLeod, C. M. (1997). Episodic enhancement of processing fluency. In D. L. Medin (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 37, pp. 155-210). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Masson, M. E. J., & MacLeod, C. M. (1996). Contributions of processing fluency to repetition effects in masked word identification. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 50, 9-21.

*Borowsky, R., & Masson, M. E. J. (1996). Semantic ambiguity in word identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 22, 63-85.

Masson, M. E. J. (1995). A distributed memory model of semantic priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 21, 3-23.

Masson, M. E. J., Carroll, M., & *Micco, A. (1995). Attributions of fluency in fame judgments by younger and older adults. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 49, 287-310.

*Small, B. J., Hultsch, D. F., & Masson, M. E. J. (1995). Adult age differences in perceptually-based, but not conceptually-based implicit tests of memory. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 50B, 162-170.

Masson, M. E. J., & *Borowsky, R. (1995). Unsettling questions about semantic ambiguity in connectionist models: Comment on Joordens and Besner (1994). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 21, 509-514.

Loftus, G. R., & Masson, M. E. J. (1994). Using confidence intervals in within-subject designs. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1, 476-490.

Masson, M. E. J., & Waldron, M. A. (1994). Comprehension of legal contracts by non-experts: Effectiveness of plain language redrafting. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 8, 67-85.

Masson, M. E. J. (1993). Episodically enhanced comprehension fluency. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47, 428-465.

Masson, M. E. J., & MacLeod, C. M. (1992). Re-enacting the route to interpretation: Enhanced perceptual identification without prior perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 121, 145-176.

*Micco, A., & Masson, M. E. J. (1992). Age-related differences in the specificity of verbal encoding. Memory & Cognition, 20, 244-253.

Masson, M. E. J. (1992). Connectionist models in the information processing paradigm. In S. Davis (Ed.), Connectionism: Theory and practice (pp. 123-137). New York: Oxford University Press.

Levy, B. A., Masson, M. E. J., & Zoubek, M. (1991). Rereading text: Words and their context. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 45, 492-506.

*Micco, A., & Masson, M. E. J. (1991). Implicit memory for new associations: An interactive process approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 17, 1105-1123.

Hultsch, D. F., Masson, M. E. J., & *Small, B. J. (1991). Adult age differences in direct and indirect tests of memory. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 46, 22-30.

Masson, M. E. J. (1991). A distributed memory model of context effects in word identification. In D. Besner & G. W. Humphreys (Eds.), Basic processes in reading: Visual word reocognition (pp. 233-263). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Masson, M. E. J. (1990). Cognitive theories of skill acquisition. Human Movement Science, 9, 221-239.

Masson, M. E. J., & *Freedman, L. (1990). Fluent identification of repeated words. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 16, 355-373.



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