In 1860 the Temperance groups got their way and the selling of alcohol was made illegal in the Colony of Vancouver Island. Actually, the law that was passed only made it illegal for the natives to buy liquor from the white people. The white population was still free to drink as they pleased and there were many that did just that. The 1860 Law was also very hard to enforce. In Contact and Conflict, author Robin Fisher remarks that "all this activity in the courts seemed to make little impact on the liquor trade; in fact, it was claimed that selling liquor to the Indians had become one of the most profitable businesses in Victoria ." 12
Throughout the 1860's the appeal of liquor remained the same as it always had. It was desired by both the Natives and the whites alike. With the drastic increase in Victoria's population and it's often harsh way of life, the saloons became popular retreats. In a correspondence letter with the Hudsons Bay Company, the governor of the Vancouver Island Colony, Albert E. Kennedy, voices his disgust over the fact that Victoria has "no less than eighty-five licenced houses for retail of drink," and "twenty additional wholesale or Gallon houses." 13Drinking was an activity that could be enjoyed by all of the people in the colony. Liquor was enjoyed by Indians and the whites alike. "Drinking cut across all social lines and liquor was prominent at all social functions." (14) An ever-changing population with their an "here today gone tomorrow attitude "created an atmosphere in Victoria where alcohol was one of the few constants. Such a lifestyle led to problems with moral and social "evils" that some felt needed to be rid of. The need for some control of the liquor business was realized and as the colony proceeded towards the turn of the century change was inevitable.